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Yayınlanmış Bildiri

ERMAN AKSOY

URBAN TRANSFORMATION, PARTNERSHIPS AND USER PARTICIPATION:

URBAN TRANSFORMATION, PARTNERSHIPS AND USER PARTICIPATION:

İngilizce

2008

Urban transformation, social segregation, spatial separation, Gypsies and Gypsy districts, participation, Çanakkale

 

Globalization and its dynamics, on the one hand, necessitate the restructuring of economic and political space not on the nation state level but on the urban region level, and, on the other hand, encourage differences and identity formation within a postmodern understanding of culture. In this respect, social separation or condensation based on class or ethnic identity is regarded not as an obstacle for development, but as a crucial agent in the formation of new governance styles. Towards the end of the 20th century, as a result of the global capital realizing the unhealthy housing stocks in city centers, improving and renovating the old unhealthy housing has become a current issue. In these areas, where illegal constructions are very common, efforts towards making housing healthy and noble have been initiated through the collaboration of the public and the private sectors, but these efforts resulted only in “renewal projects” which have not met social or economic expectations. In line with this argument, it is argued today that transformation should not simply be physical but that there should be a holistic approach including social and economic aspects. In Turkey, as is the case all over the world, problems caused by Gypsy districts, which are separated and/or segregated in the urban space, are very much on the agenda both for the Gypsies and for the urbanities. As Gypsy communities characteristically settle close to city centers, they are at the focus of urban transformation projects. Viewed from this perspective, the need to analyze transformation through a holistic approach including social and economic aspects, requires one to also analyze ways for social participation/integration, along with spatial restoration. The chosen sample within this framework is the Çanakkale Roman District. The reason why this district has been chosen is that it is a location which can provide input for the transformation approach and that its ethnic groups are very distinguished through their social solidarity networks. Furthermore, it will help present the role of social networks in application and devise solutions towards the integration of the Gypsy community. Through these data, it becomes necessary to design policies specific to the location which is the target of the transformation project. This presentation, therefore, aims to discuss the role of user participation in the urban transformation process, through input provided by the Çanakkale Roman District.

 

Globalization and its dynamics, on the one hand, necessitate the restructuring of economic and political space not on the nation state level but on the urban region level, and, on the other hand, encourage differences and identity formation within a postmodern understanding of culture. In this respect, social separation or condensation based on class or ethnic identity is regarded not as an obstacle for development, but as a crucial agent in the formation of new governance styles. Towards the end of the 20th century, as a result of the global capital realizing the unhealthy housing stocks in city centers, improving and renovating the old unhealthy housing has become a current issue. In these areas, where illegal constructions are very common, efforts towards making housing healthy and noble have been initiated through the collaboration of the public and the private sectors, but these efforts resulted only in “renewal projects” which have not met social or economic expectations. In line with this argument, it is argued today that transformation should not simply be physical but that there should be a holistic approach including social and economic aspects. In Turkey, as is the case all over the world, problems caused by Gypsy districts, which are separated and/or segregated in the urban space, are very much on the agenda both for the Gypsies and for the urbanities. As Gypsy communities characteristically settle close to city centers, they are at the focus of urban transformation projects. Viewed from this perspective, the need to analyze transformation through a holistic approach including social and economic aspects, requires one to also analyze ways for social participation/integration, along with spatial restoration. The chosen sample within this framework is the Çanakkale Roman District. The reason why this district has been chosen is that it is a location which can provide input for the transformation approach and that its ethnic groups are very distinguished through their social solidarity networks. Furthermore, it will help present the role of social networks in application and devise solutions towards the integration of the Gypsy community. Through these data, it becomes necessary to design policies specific to the location which is the target of the transformation project. This presentation, therefore, aims to discuss the role of user participation in the urban transformation process, through input provided by the Çanakkale Roman District.