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ERMAN AKSOY

DIVIDED CITIES: SPATIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION OF

DIVIDED CITIES: SPATIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION OF

Türkçe

2008

Undivided Cities, Social Exclusion, Immigrant Youths, Segregation/Concentration, Deventer/Netherlands

 

‘Undivided city’ is one of the basic objectives of current development strategies and state policies with the aim of integrating minority groups to the majority of population sometimes by destroying the ethnic identities in favour of social cohesion. Ethnic identities and especially the identity formations of second and third generation immigrants and new young immigrant flows are claimed to be the potential threats to social and community cohesion. For this reason, social exclusion and the youth are one of the major topics in the 21st century characterised by important demographic changes. These changes are affected by a number of economic, social and cultural factors and policies in turn having impact on a wide set of policy domains. Migration, technological developments, globalisation of economies and societal transformation processes have led to increasing cultural exchange within Europe and with other parts of the world and to a different perception of values and beliefs. From this point of view this paper will address the causes of social exclusion in case of Netherlands/Deventer, giving emphasis to the immigrant youths (second and third generations), its effects and likely future impacts on quality of life, values and attitudes, as well as their implications for Dutch and EU policies in Deventer, where is one of the well-known migration cities that has a considerable number of Turkish youth. The main objective is to achieve a comprehensive and integrated approach and provide policy recommendations to dealing effectively with the social exclusion of young immigrants live in Deventer in terms of causes, processes, changes and prospects. Hence, this research in this context will examine trends in the social exclusion of the immigrant youth in Deventer and will address issues such as their opportunities, prospects and needs, housing, economic and social representation and means of formal and informal participation, and empowerment and adaptation policies contrary to the integration and/or social cohesion policies. Related questions of poverty, inequality, deprivation, discrimination, gender, migration and insecurity of various kinds facing young immigrants will also be considered in this paper by combining the quantitative and qualitative social research methods and using the grounded theory to analyze the relationship between social exclusion and residential segregation/concentration and to study the effect of integration policies developed in Deventer on the segregationist tendencies of the immigrants. Quantitative method consists of questionnaires with survey analysis which will be utilized with the purpose of supporting the qualitative data, whereas the qualitative method includes in-depth interviews, participant observations and media analysis.

 

‘Undivided city’ is one of the basic objectives of current development strategies and state policies with the aim of integrating minority groups to the majority of population sometimes by destroying the ethnic identities in favour of social cohesion. Ethnic identities and especially the identity formations of second and third generation immigrants and new young immigrant flows are claimed to be the potential threats to social and community cohesion. For this reason, social exclusion and the youth are one of the major topics in the 21st century characterised by important demographic changes. These changes are affected by a number of economic, social and cultural factors and policies in turn having impact on a wide set of policy domains. Migration, technological developments, globalisation of economies and societal transformation processes have led to increasing cultural exchange within Europe and with other parts of the world and to a different perception of values and beliefs. From this point of view this paper will address the causes of social exclusion in case of Netherlands/Deventer, giving emphasis to the immigrant youths (second and third generations), its effects and likely future impacts on quality of life, values and attitudes, as well as their implications for Dutch and EU policies in Deventer, where is one of the well-known migration cities that has a considerable number of Turkish youth. The main objective is to achieve a comprehensive and integrated approach and provide policy recommendations to dealing effectively with the social exclusion of young immigrants live in Deventer in terms of causes, processes, changes and prospects. Hence, this research in this context will examine trends in the social exclusion of the immigrant youth in Deventer and will address issues such as their opportunities, prospects and needs, housing, economic and social representation and means of formal and informal participation, and empowerment and adaptation policies contrary to the integration and/or social cohesion policies. Related questions of poverty, inequality, deprivation, discrimination, gender, migration and insecurity of various kinds facing young immigrants will also be considered in this paper by combining the quantitative and qualitative social research methods and using the grounded theory to analyze the relationship between social exclusion and residential segregation/concentration and to study the effect of integration policies developed in Deventer on the segregationist tendencies of the immigrants. Quantitative method consists of questionnaires with survey analysis which will be utilized with the purpose of supporting the qualitative data, whereas the qualitative method includes in-depth interviews, participant observations and media analysis.